Bali is one of the islands in Indonesia which is the city of Denpasar. Bali is an island known as the island of the gods. And is one of the island is a tourist paradise that has a tourist attraction for both tourists and tourists because the area has a very attractive beauty for tourists? The people of this island are mostly Hindus. Not only the beauty of the region that attracts tourists but also the diversity of art and culture in Bali was interesting to be known further by the tourists.
Bali always gives its charm and has a variety of art and culture. This time I will try to explain some art and culture in Bali
The arts and culture that exist in Bali make Bali a strong attraction for tourists who come to the area. Some of the arts and culture that exist in Bali.
Traditional Balinese Clothes
Bali has many tigers or variants of its customary clothing. For adolescent women using bun longer, while women or adult women using bun knob, then use sensing or kemben songket, cloth waste, belt Prada (stage) to wrap hips and chest, scarf shoulder socket down, tain cloth or singing, on the inside, A variety of jewelry ornaments, Often also worn kebaya, chest coverings, and footwear as a complement. For men using the headband or udeg then using a tie or braid scarf, a woven cloth, wastra cloth, keris, belt, shirt or suit, and ornament used to decorate the appearance of the man
Bali traditional house
Balinese traditional house must be in accordance with the rules of Kosala Kosala Asta teachings contained in the Vedic scriptures that regulate the layout of a building that is almost similar to the science of Feng Shui in Chinese Culture teachings. Bali traditional house must fulfill aspect pawongan (human/resident of the house), attenuation (location / environment) and the last parahyangan.
In general, the house of Bali filled with knick-knacks, carvings and natural colors and statues of ritual symbols. The building of Indigenous Houses of Bali is separated into many small buildings – small in one area united by the fence surrounding it. Along with the development, era began to change in buildings where the building is no longer separated.
Bali has various types of regional dances that come from this area including:
Pendet dance is danced as a welcome dance to welcome guests and invite by sowing flowers, and the dancer’s expression filled with the sweet smile. In the beginning, this dance is used in worship services at the temple as a form of welcoming the gods who descend into the world.
Panji Semirang Dance
This dance is played by women. Panji Semirang Dance is a dance depicting a princess named Galuh Candrakirana, who disguises being a man after losing her husband. In his wandering, he changed his name to Raden Panji.
This dance is a dance that is quite difficult to be demonstrated and this dance has a long duration. This dance is a classical Balinese dance that has a very complex movement and depicts a king’s servant
This dance is a very famous dance from Bali. This dance is played by dozens of men who sit in a circle. This dance depicts the Ramayana story as a row of apes helps Rama against Ravana. Kecak dance song is taken from the ritual dance sanghyang is a dance tradition that dancers will be in unconscious condition, communicating with God or the spirits of the ancestors and then convey his hopes to the community.
Musical Instruments Region
Bali has a traditional musical instrument that is typical of this area, this musical instrument is a declining heritage of descendants of their ancestors, and following some traditional Balinese instruments:
Just like other areas in Indonesia that have gamelan musical instruments, Bali also has a gamelan musical instrument. However, this Balinese gamelan has differences with other gamelan areas one of which is the rhythm played on the gamelan Bali rhythm type fast.
Rindik is a Balinese musical instrument made of bamboo with selendro tone. This instrument is played by 2 to 4 people, 2 people beat the rest blowing the flute. This instrument is used for jogged dance performances and for the wedding ceremony.
Indigenous Culture of Bali
The Balinese community is made up of people with Hindu displays but they do not affect other people living in Bali but do not embrace Hinduism. Here are some ceremonies that are usually done by the people of Bali:
For the wedding there are some traditional ceremonies that must be passed include:
Bali has handicrafts made by the handicraft community there are starting handicraft making woven bags, Balinese carvings in the form of decorations or for doors, handicrafts made of silver or glass, wooden masks from Bali, knick-knacks accessories Bali and much more.
Above already described some arts and culture in Bali. Actually, Masih many arts and culture that exist in this area. To find out more, all that can be searched by the browser in internet media that have been rampant everywhere. Bali has a divine island, and Bali is also an island that is visited by many foreign tourists because of its beauty. As a good student and citizen, we are obliged to maintain and preserve the arts that exist in Indonesia, especially the arts in Bali so as not to be extinct in eating by the times and by the progress of modern life. Due to the large number of foreigners who come to this island is expected that the culture of this region is not mixed by modern foreign culture, because the culture of Bali is a culture of ancestors who must be on guard and in care for not extinct.
This event aims to prepare the bride from the life of a teenager into a wife and housewife asks a blessing to God Almighty to be willing to reduce happiness to this couple and later they are given a gift of good descent
Mungkah Lawang (Open Door):
This custom is customary knocking on the bride door three times, as a form that the groom has come to pick up the bride and begged to be immediately opened the door
This ceremony aims to cleanse or purify the bride and groom of negative energy in both. The ceremony is led by a customary or Balian stakeholder
Medhi Widana: This event is an event of Balinese wedding customs enhancement to improve the bridal self-cleaning that has been done at previous events. Then both of them headed for the worship of the place of worship to pray for permission and blessing of power.
Ngabe Tipat Pillow Table: After a few days of marriage, this ceremony is held. The event was conducted to plead goodbye to both parents and relatives of the bride, especially to the ancestors, that from then on the bride has legitimately become part of her husband’s extended family
The cutting ceremony is mandatory done by men and women who grow adults who marked the arrival of menstruation for women and enlargement of votes for men. Cutting a tooth does not mean that the tooth is cut to the end, but only tidy or think of six teeth in the upper jaw, ie four incisors and two left and right canines that are believed to remove the six bad traits attached to a person, namely kama (lust) loba (greed), krodha (anger), mada (drunk), moha (confused), and matsarya (envy or envy).
Balinese people always hold a death ceremony in the event of a person or relative who died. The ceremony of death is known by the name of Ngaben ceremony. This ceremony is a burning ceremony for the deceased. In essence this ceremony to restore the ancestral spirits (the deceased) to the place of origin. A Pedanda says humans have Bayu, Word, Idep, and after died Bayu, Word, Idep is returned to Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva as a god trusted by the community or Hindu people, especially Hindu Balinese